Updated: Nov 19, 2020
In any form of history, there’s always an element of civilizations present within any type of society whether it’s ancient or modern. And within civilizations, the church is a present factor because it teaches different religions to society, and religion can be different based on its origins as well as from which church it arrived from. There were two forms of churches: Protestant and Catholic. These two forms of religion had their differences; their influence on civilizations and societies, and how one religion managed to overtake and be more successful than the other religion.
The Protestants refer to a group of people whose religion is Christianity and their sense of belonging and place in the context of their religion, separated them from the Catholic Church in the 16th century. According to ancient civilizations, the origin of the Protestants derived from the period in 1517 when a German Monk who went by the name Martin Luther, was dissatisfied about the type of way the Catholic Church made decisions about the practices and beliefs.
The first thing he did was he published the 95 thesis and with the 95 theses, he managed to start the Protestant Reformation. The Protestant Reformation consisted of the following churches: The Lutheran Church, The Calvinist Church, Baptists, and Pentecostals. He then desired for things to return the way they were for religion and restoring the belief about faith being in God’s hands and because of how his ideas became a precedent for civilizations in ancient Europe, he intended to set an ultimatum to the Catholic Church which brought the differences of morality and religion between the Protestants and the Catholics and this inspired a challenging force of people who supported the religious reform known as Protestants.
In the aftermath of Martin Luther’s idea of Protestants, a substantial amount of citizens along with the government began to adjust to it while other people oppressed it and remained loyal and dedicated to the Catholic Church and because of the differences between the two religions; the Churches were divided among people who prefer to choose one over the other. Luther, in the process of creating the Protestant, modified the book of Christianity into the German language for society to drift further away from the idea of the Catholic Church and also to make it easy for people to understand when they read and analyze it. Luther’s idea became so globally popular that they continued to be developed in ancient Europe and eventually, the Reformation process lead to different wars, revolutions, and persecution of different people and this caused a debate between the two churches on how one is better than the other one and how one could be more successful in its way of teaching religion to society in ancient Europe.
The Reformation process also began in Switzerland and was in parallel with the process that began in ancient Europe under the creation of Martin Luther. In 1541, a French Protestant who went by the name, John Calvin, who was ostracized in the last few decades, eventually shifted his position and occupation to Geneva which is a city located in Switzerland. In Geneva, he was able to write his version of the Reformation process in which he outlined the power and will of God along with humanity’s predisposed fate into practice. Like Martin Luther, Calvin’s Reformation process spread throughout Scotland and France, Transylvania, and the Low Countries; furthermore, in the next 400 years to come, society and civilization embraced Dutch Calvinism. When the Reformation process started to spread in England, a severe problem arose:
King Henry Vlll refuses to marry the woman whom he was intended to marry, but Pope Clement refuses to renege on his marriage so Henry Vlll decided to make his own decisions regarding the matters which were related to the English church. During his decision and discoveries, Henry managed to successfully dissolute England’s lamasery to place and holds their wealth and richness and like Martin Luther, worked relentlessly to make people read the Bible and as millions of years went by, many copies were sold and people slowly began to adjust to the idea of reformation. After King Henry Vlll died, England was surrounded and infused with a substantial amount of reformation thinking and when Queen Elizabeth 1 took the throne, she declared the Church of England as a zone that was in-between Calvinism and Catholicism.
The Catholic Church refers to a sign of signals that exist, and is deeply enriched in the Counter-Reformation and serves as a form of opponent and adversary to the Protestant Church and Reformation process. The Counter-Reformation movement attempted to make certain changes to the abuse that was caused and created by the Protestant Reformation in the 1500s. The Counter-Reformation began in the 1500s after Martin Luther’s plan to drift away from the Catholic Church due to its vague sense of adulteration along with too much sense of power. The process which Martin Luther created was the Reformation process and it was vastly different from the Counter-Reformation and the people associated with the Counter-Reformation attempted to fix the mishandling of the Protestant Church and to spread their Catholic faith in the eyes of people. In the process of doing that, they confirmed to the validity of certain points the Protestant made which they believe-caused danger-and attempted to make things better for the people and the church. They created a type of process which contained a different type of rituals. Opposing to this decision made by the Catholic Church, the Protestants made severe changes to the rituals that greatly affected the Counter-Reformation. The Protestants also denied the Catholic beliefs and their method of teaching which is called Transubstantiation. This type of defiance and rebellious attitude done by the Protestant Church caused it to be at odds with the Catholic Church and in the modern century, there are still signs of differences between the two churches. The Catholic Church eventually succumbed to the Protestant’s complaints by turning their outward actions into an act of discourse and this lead to the ideology of forgiveness by correction. The Protestant church also helped to fix any severe or grave mistakes of the Catholic Church and its described reciprocally and because of the Protestant’s success in fixing the mistakes and abuse of the Catholic Church, many adventurers who all believed in Christianity like the Jesuits who are often referred to as Soldiers of the Christ, toured around the globe, spreading their theology and because of the correction and changes the Protestant Church made, a sense of reanimation and resurgence occurred in the eyes and heart of Catholic Church with a new articulation of the Christian religion and denomination.
According to the studies analyzed by different historians on which Church was more successful, the observation and in-depth studies of The Protestant Church and Catholic Church lead to the consensus that Protestant Church is more successful than the Catholic Church in terms of its ideologies, political standpoint, and the fact that it remains prevalent in society in the modern era. The primary reason why the Protestant Church is more successful than the Catholic Church is because of its founder, Martin Luther, and its legacy on the world. The Reformation’s positive impact and cultural significance on society and civilizations in ancient Europe caused cultural flourishing and inspired many different academics and institutions of Europe: The Lutheran church music of J.S. Bach, the different piece of network from Pieter Paul Reuben, and it even spread throughout the entire political system of capitalism of Dutch Calvinist traders. The other reason why the Protestant Church was more successful than the Catholic Church was because of Martin Luther.
He was successful in his goal because he was able to make almost everyone happy due to his beliefs and tenets about religion and due to his 95 thesis that leads to the development of the Reformation movement, his theory became more knowledgeable, more powerful, and more obtainable. The other reason for the success of the Protestant Church was Martin Luther’s ability and motives to resist any forms of resistance from his enemies or the Catholic Church. The Catholic Church was surrounded and filled with antipathy that came in the form of a political system called bureaucracy along with certain Catholic people who were all entirely afraid of a division and change. Many other historians have stated that due Martin Luther’s determination along with his firmness and his dedication to his religion and his creation, he became so powerful in a political system with many people supporting his idea that any sign/form of obstruction and bargain was highly impossible for him and he continued to remain as an influential figure in the creation of the Protestant Church along with the Reformation process.