Updated: Nov 20, 2020
On 22nd of March UN observes “water awareness day”. It’s so frightening to know that we are going to have water shortages. This abundant resource, the whole globe is blue, how come we are having a scarcity of water. Water is an essential component of life, that’s for sure! We all depend on it and without it won’t be able to thrive. Seventy percent of the earth is covered in water.
Everything has a cycle, so does the water. The sunlight warms the water at oceans, it rises (evaporation), turns in to clouds (condensations) and later comes back to land by rain or snow (precipitations). The trees on land help regulate the water supply of earth by holding on like natural sponges and transpire water back to the earth's atmosphere, as well as back to the soil as liquids (excreting). This is called the water cycle or the hydrological cycle.
All major ancient civilization thrives near water and flourishes if they managed their water resources well. E.g. Indus valley civilization-Indus River (sub-continent), Ancient Egypt civilization- river Nile, Chinese civilization- Yangtze- yellow rivers, and so on.
So my point is that where ever there is water, there is life, prosperity, and many civilizations got made, flourished and people are still living closer to those rivers.
Overpopulation, poor infrastructure, deforestation, lack of wetlands, irrigation, and climate change is some of the major factors, which are affecting the natural water cycle.
Two-third of the world population (4 billion) are facing shortages of water once a month in a year. Half a billion people face severe water scarcity all year round. Half of the world's largest cities experience water scarcity. Whatever is the solution, it’s not very simple, albeit attainable. We should conserve as much water as possible. Many organizations are actively working along with the governments, communities, and United Nations to achieve the goal of accessible and potable water for all, to name a few; World Water Council, The United Nations (UN-Water), The World Bank, the Stockholm International Water Institute, The Nature Conservancy, PepsiCo, and Global Water Leaders.
Our planet is 70 % water, no doubt, but only 3% is freshwater. 1% is actually available to us as potable water, because two third of it is tucked away as glaciers, and ice caps.
Water from groundwater, lakes, and rivers is replenished by rain and snow as explained earlier. The importance of water is universal. All life depends upon it. We use it for drinking, irrigations, as part of sanitation systems and in industrial factories.
As part of the Earth water cycle, fresh water is a renewable source although it is dependent on other parts of the water cycle. Water is scarce because freshwater resources are limited, and overconsumption as well as wastage of water and climate change has made this problem intensified, especially where demands are high.
The main thing is water management, the way we use it in all activities of lives, what you and I can do to conserve. There are some simple tips which we all can manage:
Don’t use too much water during showers.
Don’t leave your tapes (facets) running if not using, use them smartly
Use less or appropriate water during toilet flushing
While using washing machines, always check the water, use water accordingly
Try to reuse your water as much as possible.
Try not to wash your cars, pets more often
Try to water your garden and plants smartly and plant those plants, which use less water.
Never waste the water.
If possible collect rainwater and use it for watering plants etc.
Buy clothes which use less water in manufacturing and If already bought them, use them as long as possible.
If the great civilizations of the past have managed their water thousands of years back through different means; so can we. Please advise the readers as to what are other ways to conserve water. Add weight with me. Be vivid & stylish!